Korean kickboxers demonstrate heavy bag punching and elbow striking while instructor Jung Yong-han shares some tips for getting the most out of your heavy bag punching workouts. This instructional segment is taken from the Korean Kickboxing: Kyuktooki video
In this short video, Korean archery masters discuss the 4 principles of Korean Traditional Archery (Kuk Kung, Gong Sul or Goong Do).
Watch more at Youtube in this series of documentary videos on the history, practice and customs of Traditional Korean Archery (also known as kuk kung and gongsul). Filmed in Korea with some of the highest ranking and best Traditional Korean archery masters in the country.
Kwon Bup means fist fighting method in Korean. The earliest surviving written reference to kwon bup is found in the Muye Dobo Tongji, which has extensive documentation on the techniques and history of kwon bup. According to this text, kwon bup was impractical for large scale combat on the battlefield, but was taught as an introduction to the martial arts. Soldiers learned kwon bup prior to learning more complex weapons arts to master footwork and body control. It was also taught as a method of personal self-defense for Chosun warriors.
According to legendary strategist Chuk Kye-kwang, ""Kwon bup is not adequate for large scale combat, however it is an excellent way for beginners to start martial arts training to learn the way of the hands and feet and discipline."
Kwon bup was developed based on the methods of the Shaolin Temple and the techniques of Jang Song-kye. The Shaolin methods emphasized external style (waega) techniques including joint locks, jumping attacks and elaborate footwork. Advanced techniques of the Shaolin style were very elaborate and difficult to master.
Jang Song-kye favored internal techniques (naega) with an emphasis on self-defense. His philosophy dictated that skills only be used when one encountered an unavoidable enemy or hopeless situation. According to the historical text Naega Kwon Bup, the internal style also included three classifications of vital death point attacks which were handed down in secret. It was widely believed, because of these secret techniques, that the internal style was superior to the external style in self-defense.
An early master of naega style kwon bup, Wang Jung-nam devised thirty-five training methods and eighteen types of footwork. He classified them into yukro (six paths) and ship dankum (ten levels). The yuk ro methods were used to develop bone strength and inflict immediate damage while the ship dankum methods were intended to induce a delayed reaction. Many of his methods have been preserved in the Muye Dobo Tongji .
Taekkyon is a traditional bare-hand martial arts developed by the Korean people and is recognized as the original form of bare-hand martial arts in Korea.
Before the 6th century, Taekkyon was practiced by the ruling classes and from the 9th to 12th century, became very popular, even among the common people. According to the Koryusa, a Korean history book written in the 15th century, Taekkyon was widely encouraged and practiced by everyone from the king himself to farmers. This trend continued until the early Chosun Dynasty.
But as the society moved toward a system that encouraged education and literary pursuits and discouraged military pursuits, the practice of Taekkyon declined. By the 13 century, Taekkyon was considered a folk custom rather than an actively practiced martial art.
During the Japanese colonial period, Taekkyon was banned and nearly vanished. Fortunately Song Duk-ki (1893-1987) preserved the art and handed it down to modern day Koreans. After the independence of Korea, the practice of Taekkyon became considerably less popular than the practice of Japanese based arts. The establishment of Taekwondo after the Korean War and its subsequent popularity served to further overshadow the practice of Taekkyon.Read More
A short documentary about the traditional Korean martial art of Taekkyon (Taekkyun) filmed in Korea at the Korean Folk Village in Yongin, South Korea. Demonstrations are by members of the Korea Taekkyon Association National Demonstration Team.
Learn more about the techniques of Taekkyon in our full length Taekkyon video.
Muye Eship Saban (Moo-yeah Ee-ship Sah-bahn), literally translated as 24 Technique Martial Art, is made up of the 24 arts of the Muye Dobo Tongji. In 1789, King Jungjo, ruler of the Yi dynasty, ordered General Yi Duk-moo to compile an official textbook on all martial art forms then present in Korea to preserve them for future generations. The result, the Muye Dobo Tongji, is the only surviving classical text on the Korean arts of war. Based on the earliest known Korean martial arts treatise, the Muye Chebo written in 1599, the Muye Dobo Tongji clearly shows the influence of the neighboring Japanese and Chinese armies.
Through hundreds of wars and invasions, Korean soldiers adapted battlefield skills and tactics from their enemies, creating a unique system of their own. Organized into 24 distinct disciplines comprised of empty hand fighting, weaponry and horsemanship, this book is an accurate historical snapshot of the warrior arts of the hermit kingdom in the late 18th century. The 24 arts of Muye Eship Saban are:
The jang chang is a five foot long spear made from the wood of the yew tree. It can also be made from a similarly soft wood, including bamboo in the right climate. It was considered the most effective conventional weapon on the battlefield due to its flexibility and length. The jang chang was widely used in the battle to retake Pyong-yang Fortress during the 1592 war between Chosun (Korea) and Japan.Read More
Based on the Danjun Breathing method practiced by the Jin Jung Kwan Hapkido system.
The dan jun is believed to be the center of energy (ki) in the human body. Dan means red or fire and jun means field, so dan jun can be interpreted as meaning the active source of power in the body. As the center of energy, it is the key to human vitality and strength.
For most people, the dan jun is located about three inches below the navel. Through dan jun defining exercises, each person can determine the location of their personal center.
Hapkido Danjun Breathing Demonstration video
Relationship to Martial Arts Movements
In many martial arts, such as hapkido, movements should originate from the dan jun area for optimum effectiveness. By focusing the energy originating from the body's center, techniques become fluid and synchronized. There are a number of recognized methods for strengthening and focusing the energy of the dan jun including ki gong (ki focusing) and dan jun breathing.
Dan jun breathing is widely practiced by students of Korean martial arts, including hapkido and haedong kumdo. Students of hapkido learn dan jun breathing exercises from the very first class to help them locate and become aware of their center.
As students advance, dan jun breathing exercises help them build inner strength and increase the effectiveness of their techniques. By harnessing their ki power, students can create maximum results with minimum physical exertion.
Dan Jun breathing is practiced through a prescribed set of slow moving exercises accompanied by controlled, forceful deep breathing. Each breath is drawn in through the nose and expelled through the mouth. Rather than trying to fill the lungs by expanding the chest, you should expand your abdomen. This practice allows you to concentrate on your dan jun area and to fill the lower third of your lungs, which are often not filled by regular deep breathing.
The physical movements that accompany the breathing include stretching the arms above the head in front of the body or out to the sides. Most movements are performed in a stance similar to horse riding stance, with the knees slightly flexed. With each repetition, inhaling usually occurs as the arms move in toward the body and exhaling occurs in synchronization with the arms pressing away from the body. In changing stance, practitioners generally stand up slightly as they inhale and lower their stance as they exhale. There are many variations of dan jun breathing that are best learned from a qualified instructor.
Haidong Gumdo is a Korean sword art that traces its roots to the 3rd century when Genreal Yu Yu of the Koguryo Kingdom founded the Jangbaekryu sword art. For centuries, sword fighting was practiced by Korean soldiers as a primary means of defense. As time passed, the sword was no longer practical from combat and its practice became structured as an art for mental and physical development.
Modern haidong gumdo practice is structured in a variety of ways including fundamentals, forms, combat drills and cutting of objects like bamboo and straw bundles. Beginners practice with the wooden training sword to develop fundamentals. Advanced practitioners train with both the wooden training sword and the forged steel sword.
The most basic elements of haidong gumdo practice are the cutting techniques which include the straight cut, angular cut, lateral cut and diagonal cut. Once the basic cutting motions are mastered, footwork is added and combinations are practiced to simulate combat applications against single or multiple opponents.Read More