Taegeuk Poomse Symbolism
Uhm and Yang (the blue and the red on Taegeukdo) represent harmony of all life force.
The harmony becomes unbalanced and the stronger of the two overflows into the weaker
creating an unbalanced state of Uhm and Yang. The state of balance and unbalance
of the two forces constantly fluctuate throughout life. These constant changes however
follow a certain orderly course without exception.
Taegeuk Poomses are designed according to the Taegeuk Principle. The opposing phenomena
of nature are the main formula of the Taegeuk Poomse: challenge and response, offense
and defense, attack and retreat, fast and slow, hard and soft.
The keys in practicing the Taegeuk Poomses are in managing the internal and external
energy properly and performing with adequate breath, speed, and power control. Special
attention must be given to the transitional techniques, by shifting the center of
the of the gravity perpendicular to the ground, in order not to loose bodily balance.
Each technique must be performed with complete focus and dynamic energy.
Taegeuk Il Jang
This is the most basic form of Taekwondo training. The movements are walking stance,
front stance, low block, high block, inside block, middle punch, front kick. For
the 8th Gup.
Taegeuk Ee Jang
Symbol is Tae meaning internal strength and external gentleness
After diligent practice of Taegeuk lL jang, now you have a stronger base to develop
yourself further. There are more front kicks and block-kick-punch combinations in
Taegeuk Ee jang. Techniques must be performed gently but with dynamic inner power.
For the 7th Gup.
Taegeuk Sahm Jang
Symbol is Yi meaning fire
Through Taekwondo training, you have developed physical strength, and inner power.
Now is the stage where the more effort you put out, the more your enthusiasm burns.
New movements in Taegeuk Sahm jang are back stance, knife hand strike, knife hand
block. The combinations of block-punch and block-kick require quick speed and the
ability to coordinate bodily parts to create integral forces. Put speed in defense
and power in attacks. For the 6th Gup.
Taegeuk Sah Jang
Symbol is jin; meaning thunder, undeniable power and dignity
There are more advanced movements in this Poomse such as double knife hand blocks,
finger tip thrust, swallow stance knife hand strike, consecutive side kicks, cross
stance back fist. To prepare you for the Kyuroogi practice, there are more transitional
movements to help you to improve correct body shifting and coordination. This is
for the 5th Gup.
Taegeuk Oh Jang
Symbol is Sohn meaning the wind
The wind is so gentle when it is a breeze and devastating when it becomes a hurricane.
Human power can also be used either way. Taegeuk Oh jang is designed to develop
the inner energy and kinetic force of the body with the application of the two opposite
phenomena of nature. New movements are hammerfist, elbow strike, side kick with
side punch, and jumping cross stance. Special attention is required in striking
a specific target area with the elbow. For the 4th Gup.
Taegeuk Yuk Jang
Symbol is Kahm meaning the water - the origin of the life
Water symbolizes a constant flow and the ultimate flexibility. Not only must the
techniques flow like water but the mind must be flexible as well. New techniques
are single knifehand high section block, roundhouse kick, palm press block and pyunhee
suhgi in the middle of the poomse. Special attention must be paid to the foot position
right after executing the two roundhouse kicks. For the 3rd Gup.
Taegeuk Chil Jang
Symbol is Kahn meaning a mountain
A mountain is the spirit of firmness and strength. At this level the practitioner's
resolution for training Taekwondo starts firmly rooting in the heart. The meaning
of self-improvement through Taekwondo becomes deeper daily. Therefore, it is recommended
to reexamine all of the learned skills so that the base for progress is strongly
secured. You may experience some difficulties and obstacles mentally and physically.
Effort is required to get through this stage. New techniques are low double knife
hand block, palm press block, scissors block, knee strike, middle section opening
block, cross hand block, side punch, cat stance and horseriding stance. Powerful
and articulate execution is required in single movements and smooth transitions
in combination techniques. For the 2nd Gup.
Taegeuk Pahl Jang
Symbol is Kohn meaning the Earth
The earth is the foundation of the growth for all life. It is this beginning of
the life and all lives must return to where they began. Taegeuk Pahl jang is the
last poomse before becoming a black belt. The end means a new beginning. Perfection
of all basic Taekwondo skills and maturity of character is the goal at this stage.
If pride, confidence, and dignity were the results of the training, honesty and
humbleness are the prerequisites for the black belt stage. It is required to perfect
Taegeuk Il jang to Taegeuk Pahl jang to be eligible to apply for the Ist Dan black
belt test. New techniques are jump front kick, elbow strike, single mountain block,
and uppercut. Accurate footwork is required for combinations. Required for the 1st
The above article is copyrighted by the author. All rights reserved.